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Immunotherapy

A Guide to Immunotherapy for Cancer

A few years ago, chemotherapy was considered the most advanced treatment option available for cancer patients. As, the treatment was able to kill the rapidly dividing cancer cells, but the process killed some healthy cells of the body too. However, in these few years, cancer treatment in Patna has taken a leap forward, and now you will have several other treatment options including targeted therapy, and immunotherapy.

Targeted therapy focuses on treating cancer with targeted drugs, while immunotherapy has been very effective in treating several types of cancers such as lung, bladder, and skin cancer. If your doctor has advised you to try immunotherapy, then you must have several questions about the treatment method. In this guide, we will be answering some of the most important ones to help you learn more about immunotherapy as a cancer treatment plan.

Types of Immunotherapy

There are several types of immunotherapy that are used in cancer treatment. The most notable ones include:

  • Oncolytic virus therapy
  • Cancer vaccines
  • Monoclonal antibodies
  • T- cell therapy (CAR – T Cell Therapy)

Is it For Every Patient?

Immunotherapy may benefit some patients but not all of them. This treatment method tends to work better for some cancers like the one with a higher level of PD-L1 protein or cancers that have several gene mutations due to DNA repair defects. However, there are several factors that determine the effect of treatment and only specialized cancer treatment doctors in Patna will be able to determine the best course of action for your specific condition.

How Long Does Immunotherapy Last?

Cancer cells are known for adapting and building resistance to target therapies, but if the tumor is responding to immunotherapy treatment, the remission will last a long time (like a year or so). With immunotherapy, the tumor might swell due to the immune cells engaging with the cancer cells. However, later the tumor will start to shrink as the cancer cells die.

Side Effects of the Treatment

Like every cancer treatment, immunotherapy can cause side effects as well. Side effects can affect any organ of the body. Some of the most common side effects of immunotherapy include:

  • Fatigue
  • Skin reaction
  • Flu-like symptoms
  • Diarrhea
  • Lung or liver injury
  • Autoimmune disorders

Final Words

Immunotherapy is the newest treatment that may help you get rid of cancer easily. This treatment is considered far more effective than chemotherapy and radiation therapy. Your doctor will analyze your condition and will suggest immunotherapy to ensure maximum benefits. Choosing a reliable cancer institution to receive proper care is essential. Aastha Cancer Institute is among the top cancer hospitals in Patna. You can rely on us to provide the best treatment to you and your family. If you need the best cancer care, contact our team and book an appointment.

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